Executive Summary
SUPERMAT Intl. & LLC Supermaterial
BUSINESS
COOPERATION
RESEARCH
About Us Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena
in 3D-ordered conjugated systems
Discovery of nanopolyacetylene
Products News Inventor's brife CV
Custom Synthesis Invitation to cooperation Properties of nanopolyacetylene
Custom Research & Development Introduction to Project Current studies
Contact us Executive Summary Self-organization of nanopolyacetylene
Raman Labels Nonadiabatic Raman scattering
Hyper-sensors Invers-Peierls transition in quasi-1-D
Startup Willage Storage of light Expert opinion





Supermat Intl. develops three-dimensionally (3D) ordered nano-gels and nano-composites of conjugated polymers (CP), conjugated oligomers and carbon nanotubes (CNT) in polymer matrices. 3D ordered nano-composites with low (< 5%) volume fraction of nanoparticles were elaborated for the first time. These are unique thermodynamic systems with coherent interaction between nanoparticles located at significant distance from each other. They possess outstanding chemical, physical and opto-electronic properties not observed in low ordered nano-composites and have highest potential for application in hi-tech industry.

Besides, we modify our methods for production of bulk 3D coherently ordered polymeric carbon and ceramic materials.

SCIENTIFIC GROUND

(1)Terminology & (2) background of project.

(1) The main object of materials science is relationships between structure and properties of substances and materials. What does the term new material mean and what is the difference between a new substance and a new material? The new substance is a substance with new molecular or material structure, which possesses the specific physical and chemical properties. Term new material has, at least, two semantic values. Its first meaning implies that the material is complex, reinforced, alloyed and so forth. The second meaning reflects the role of the material in scientific and technical progress. This meaning refers to the new material as a substance which possesses properties unknown earlier, and satisfied the requirements of scientific and technical progress. Term coherent material means material with macroscopic quantum properties in the ground and/or excited state.

(2)For the last fifty years six new classes of substances with unique, physical and chemical properties were discovered. These are: high temperature superconductors (HTS), amorphous semiconductors (AS) and metals AM), polydiacetylenes (PDA), free-standing films of polyacetylene (fs-PA), synthetic metals, fullerenes, and carbon nano-tubes (CNT). Nevertheless, no one of them found wide applications as new class of materials for high-tech industry. What is the reason? The answer is right on the surface – for all the intellectual and financial resources applied, so far scientists have failed to develop materials based on these substances. It was shown that most of theses substances possess unique coherent or macroscopic quantum properties. However, some other of their properties are not satisfied for application. For example: HTS are characterized by low critical current; AS, AM and composites of fullerenes are low ordered, PDA are characterized by low conjugated length; fs-PA films are low stable; CTN are the mixture of molecules with different chirality. Thus, for the last fifty years scientists could not find relationships between structure and properties for above enumerated substances and could not develop new materials based on them.


Based on above discussed background and terminology, developed by Supermat Intl. products can be titled as coherent materials and can be referred to five different groups of materials:

a) 3D organic photonic crystals;
b) Metamaterials;
c) Super-strong construction composite materials;
d) Organic superconductors;
e) Organic super-semiconductors.

Each of these groups has different properties, applications and market opportunity. However, all of them are 3D ordered and possess macroscopic coherence or macroscopic quantum properties in the ground and/or excited state.

Development of 3D ordered matter with macroscopic quantum properties - Model

PREFACE and DEFINITIONS

1. We will call the macroscopic quantum state of matter a thermodynamic state, which characterized by coherent zero-point motion (vibrations, oscillations) of considerable part of atoms and molecules this matter consists of.
2. Coherent zero-point motion of atoms and coherent zero-point vibrations of chemical bonds is accompanied by zero-point oscillations of polarizability of matter and lead to appearance of long range attractive forces between atoms and molecules, which take part in this motion. These long range attractive forces can be called - coherent dispersion forces.
3. Coherent dispersion forces act only between atoms and molecules, which are in absolutely identical state. But these atoms and molecules can be located in amorphous matrix at large distance from each other. That is, coherent dispersion forces and conditions of macroscopic quantum state formation are very sensitive to any type of "internal" disorder and defects, but insensitive to some types of "external".
4. Energy of coherent dispersion interaction is proportional to concentration of absolutely identical atoms and molecules in matter, their zeto-point vibrational polarizability and frequency of coherent vibrations.
5. The temperature of phase transition to macroscopic quantum state is determined from the condition that the thermal energy of matter should be less than the energy of coherent dispersion interaction.
6. It follows from above-stated that high-temperature macroscopic quantum state is desired be formed by light atoms with high zero-point polarizability (for example, highly ordered structures with hydrogen bonds or carbon p-conjugated systems).

SELECTION of OBJECTS with MACROSCOPIC QUANTUM PROPERTIES

1. Conjugated molecules and macromolecules with degenerate ground state are one of the best candidates for development of materials with high-temperature macroscopic quantum properties.
2. Depending on chemical structure and band gap width conjugated systems can become superconductors or semiconductors with macroscopic quantum properties.
3. However, electronic structure of big conjugated systems is extremely sensitive to any type of chemical, conformational and supra molecular defects. Therefore classical methods of conjugated polymer synthesis and solid state formation can not be used for development of such materials.
4. At present there are two fundamental methods for development of conjugated materials with high-temperature macroscopic quantum properties. This is the matrix synthesis and self-organization of system in high viscous medium.
5. Above-stated methods can be modified for creation carbon, ceramic and inorganic materials with high-temperature macroscopic quantum properties.

EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE of COHERENT DISPERSION FORCES and ANTI- PEIERLS TRANSITION IN 3D ORDERED QUASI-1D CONJUGATED POLYMERS AND CARBON NANOTUBES

1. It is known that half-filled one-dimensional conjugated and conducting chains are unstable against dimerization of unit cell (Peierls instability). This instability leads to bond length alternation along the chain and appearing of the band gap in the electron spectrum. It follows from above that bond length alternation should increase with decrease of temperature (Peierls transition).
2. We have shown that, in contradiction with above-stated, decrease in temperature of 3D ordered nano-gels and nano-composites of quasi-1D conjugated polymers and single walled carbon nanotubes leads to reduction of bond length alternation in macromolecules. This phenomenon can be called by anti-Peierls transition.
3. We assume that degree of bond length alternation in quasi-1D conjugated chains without defects is determined by balance of coherent dispersion interaction energy and energy of Peierls transition.
4. Energy of coherent dispersion interaction between macromolecules increases with reduction of bond length alternation. The decrease in temperature is also accompanied by growth of the energy of coherent dispersion interaction between macromolecules. When coherent dispersion interaction energy exceeds the energy of Peierls transition it leads to reduction of bond length alternation in polymer chains.
5. The Peierls transition is the fundamental characteristic of individual 1D conjugated chain. Thus, the anti-Peierls transition is a conclusive evidence of inter-chain coherent dispersion interactions in 3D ordered qusi-1D conjugated systems.


Attached you will find Introduction to Project “3D ORDERED POLYMERIC NANO-MATERIALS WITH MACROSCOPIC QUANTUM PROPERTIES”. It includes short description of macroscopic quantum hypothesis and analysis of fundamental applications of 3D ordered nano-materials in different fields of hi-tech.



BUSIBESS ARGUMENTS

The market needs in nano-materials increase exponentially with increasing of their ordering. Therefore in process of development 3D ordered nano-materials will push out low ordered nano-materials from the market. Market of 3D ordered nano-materials is only limited by discovery of new materials and new applications.

Currently the market of 3D ordered nano-materials is growing very fast. Therefore, selection of concrete projects for the first three years of company operations is determined by project scientific background, market needs and estimated project development time (EPDT).

At this time we can include in this list eight projects:

Current projects
(NPA – nanopolyacetylene; CNT – carbon nanotubes)

Target customers for our products are companies and institutes operating in above enumerated fields.

The current market for industrial application of our 3D ordered nano-materials in above enumerated projects can be evaluated in $3 – 5B in year. It includes but not limited to the following examples:

Evaluation of  projects


There are two avenues of Supermat Intl. development we’d like you to consider:

1. A single application-specific project/business, from elaboration to production. E.g., development of “Hyper-sensors and Raman labels” based on 3D-ordered nano-composites. This project can include three sub-projects: 1) Standards for Quantitative Raman spectroscopy; 2) Raman labels for different fields of science and industry; 3) Portable optical chemical sensor with a threshold level of <1 ppb. It will require ~$10m over two years. The resulting products can be offered to an array of companies used chemical sensors and Raman spectroscopy and developing all kinds of Raman standards, sensors, tags, labels and security devices. This can lead to exit valuation of several dozen to several hundred million.

2. A group of projects designed to cover the wider range of known potential applications of 3D-ordered nano-materials. Eight examples listed above can be a good starting point for selection. The goal of parallel development is to cross-leverage these so as to reach peak efficiency of projects and create independent market of materials with high-temperature macroscopic quantum properties. These will require $50m+ over three years, and will yield the hole row of new materials, new applications and development-ready prototypes, but exit valuation could be essentially unlimited.

In a limited financial frame the most reliable way for startup is developing of one project. For example: Standards and labels for quantitative Raman spectroscopy. It will require ~$3m over two years.

We are looking for funds and strategic partners to further along our development.

Your interest and time are greatly appreciated.

Sincerely,

Valerii Kobryanskii,
Supermat Intl, President
Phone: (347) 427-2219; Email: kobryan@juno.com;

Alex Zuzin,
VP of Business Development
Phone: (650) 283—8411; Email: alex.zuzin@fastmail.us;




e-mail: kobryan@nanopolyacetylene.com