Our world is only a small part
of the macroscopic quantum world in the Universe.
Materials with macroscopic quantum properties
are paving the way to unlimited energy sources
and super-technologies of the future.
At present two groups of macroscopic quantum phenomena (MQP) are well recognized.
The first group encompasses low temperature MQP: super-conductivity, super-fluidity and Bose-Einstein condensation. For any of these phenomena the phase transition to macro-quantum state is accompanied
by formation of a big uniform quantum-mechanical wave. In this state all material objects (electrons in solid, atoms in liquid and bosons in gas) move without resistance and energy losses.
Therefore, the substances in macro-quantum state can possess unique properties that can allow the solution of energy-source and transportation problems of future humankind, as well as the opening up of distant space.
However, the phase transition to macro-quantum state in that group of materials as a rule require liquid helium. Technologies employing liquid helium are very expensive, and supplies of helium on Earth are limited.
Discovery of new materials that possess the above-enumerated macroscopic quantum properties at higher temperatures is the highest priority goal for many years ahead.
Second group encompasses MQP in biological objects such as brain neurons, red blood cells and photosynthesizing cells. These objects are characterized by an abnormally high efficiency of energy and matter transfer at room temperature.
For example, green plants and cyanobacteria transfer sunlight energy to molecular reaction centers for conversion into chemical energy with 100% efficiency. On April 12, 2007 Nature published direct evidence that long-lived
wavelike electronic quantum coherence is the key to 100% efficiency energy transfer processes during photosynthesis (Nature, 446, 782-6). Creation of coherently ordered organic materials with macroscopic quantum properties is the
way to sun power and chemical energy without pollution.
It is impossible to overestimate the influence of materials with high-temperature macroscopic quantum properties on the future progress in science and technology.
Recently we have developed nano-gels and nano-composites of conjugated polymers and carbon nanotubes with three-dimensionally (3D) ordered array of nano-particles (nanotubes) in polymer matrixes. Low filling factor 3D ordered nano-materials were elaborated for the first time. These are unique thermodynamic systems with coherent interaction between nanoparticles located at significant distance from each other and structure resembling dilute liquid crystals. They possess outstanding chemical, mechanical and electro-optical properties in ground state, vibrationally excited state and electronically excited state.
We hypothesized that 3D ordered nano-composites of conjugated polymers and carbon nanotubes with low volume fraction of nanoparticles can possess high temperature phase transition to macroscopic quantum thermodynamic state
The temperature of phase transition - Tc depends on the electronic structure of macromolecules (nanoparticles) and their concentration in material, and can vary from liquid nitrogen to above-room.
Following the example of high-temperature inorganic superconductors and depending on filling factor and electronic band structure we can call these materials by high-temperature organic SUPERCONDUCTORS or
organic semiconductors with macroscopic quantum properties - organic SUPER-SEMICONDUCTORS.
Below Tc these materials represent a superposition of two thermodynamic phases: normal and macroscopic quantum. They characterized by macroscopic coherent intermolecular p-electron delocalization and exhibit macroscopic
migration of vibrational and electronic excitations without energy losses.
In ground state these materials possess:
1. The macroscopic quantum phase has zero entropy and zero quantum temperature. It doesn’t have thermal fluctuation and doesn't interact with thermal fluctuations of the normal thermodynamic phase. These materials should thus be super-chemically stable, super-durable and so on.
For example, room-temperature chemical stability of 3D ordered nanopolyacetylene exceeds the chemical stability of regular polyacetylene by a factor of 100.000.
2. The macroscopic quantum phase represents a singl big quantum mechanical wave. In any mechano-chemical processes the destruction of the macro-quantum state should precede the breaking of chemical bonds. Thus, when macro-quantum state is formed by oriented macromolecules, the material should exhibit super-strength and so on.
For example, shock strength of 3D coherently ordered composite of carbon nanotubes exceeds shock strength of any other reinforced plastics of the same content.
3. The macroscopic quantum state possesses macroscopic intermolecular p-electron delocalization.
These materials exhibit abnormal (macroscopic quantum) reflection, diffraction, refraction and interference.
In vibrationally and elecronically excited state these materials possess:
1. Effect of "Storage of light" without pulsed laser excitation.
2. Abnormally high cross section of X-Ray scattering.
For example, these materials display effect of "Gates for X-Ray" without heavy atoms and pulsed laser excitation.
3. Abnormally high cross section of Raman scattering.
For example, cross section of Raman scattering of nanopolyacetylene is in 100 times more than Raman scattering cross section of diamond.
4. Abnormaly high intensity of photo-induced bands in electronic, vibrational, polarization and time domain spectra.
5. Abnormally high efficiency of nonlinear optical processes such as CARS, second harmonic generation, sum frequency generation, third harmonic generation and so on.
6. Abnormaly high stubility under electro-magnetic and X-ray irradiation in very wide region of frequencies.
THUS 3D ORDERED POLYMERIC NANO-MATERIALS WITH MACROSCOPIC QUANTUM PROPERTIES CAN CHANGE FUNDUMENTAL PRIORITIES IN HIGH-TECH INDUSTRY AND ALLOW TO SOLVE SOME FUNDUMENTAL PROBLEMS, WHICH BRAKE ON SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL PROGRESS.
We are looking for funds and strategic partnerships to develop these materials.
The development can proceed in three parallel directions:
• applications of 3D ordered nano-materials and devices in high technology;
• elaboration of new 3D ordered nano-gels and nano-composites of conjugated polymers and carbon nano-tubes;
• elaboration of 3D ordered nano-materials with high temperature macroscopic quantum properies.
I invite governmental, private and public institutions to take part in this project.
I invite investors to any form of participation and financial support of this project.
I invite high-tech professionals to any form of cooperation.
I can present the samples of our materials and accompanied information for evaluation to any state or private Institute (Laboratory), which have experience in study of coherently ordered materials, high temperature superconductors or macro-quantum properties of matter.
Dr. Valerii Kobryanskii