LLC Supermat (Russia) & Supermat Intl.(USA)
SUPERMAT Intl. & LLC Supermat
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About Us Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena
in 3D-ordered conjugated systems
Discovery of nanopolyacetylene
Products News Inventor's brife CV
Custom Synthesis Invitation to cooperation Properties of nanopolyacetylene
Custom Research & Development Introduction to Project Current studies
Contact us Executive Summary Self-organization of nanopolyacetylene
Raman Labels Nonadiabatic Raman scattering
Hyper-sensors Invers-Peierls transition in quasi-1-D
Startup Willage Storage of light Expert opinion
Interaction of coherent light
with coherent vibrations of atoms in solid
is the highway to optoelectronics of 21 century.


1. SUPERMAT Intl. + LLC Supermat elaborates and produces highly ordered conjugated polymers and carbon materials with very low concentration of defects.

2. SUPERMAT Intl. + LLC Supermat elaborates and produces highly ordered nano-gels and nano-composites of conjugated polymers, conducting polymers and carbon materials with very low concentration of defects.

3. SUPERMAT Intl. + LLC Supermat elaborates and produces highly ordered nano-dimensional heterostructures based on conjugated polymers/oligomers and carbon materials.

4. SUPERMAT Intl. + LLC Supermat gives consultations and assistance in development of:
a) highly ordered conjugated polymers and carbon materials;
b) highly ordered nano-composites based on conjugated polymers/oligomers and carbon materials;
tr d) highly ordered nano-dimensional heterostructures based on conjugated polymers/oligomers and carbon materials.


In 1987 - 1989 highly ordered nano-composite, which consists of nanoparticles of polyacetylene with very low concentration of defects in matrix of poly (vinyl butyral) was synthesized for the first time. Material was referred to as nanopolyacetylene (NPA). In contrast to known polyacetylene modifications NPA is highly stable in the presence of oxygen. It was shown that resonant and non-resonant laser irradiation of NPA leads to excitation of long live coherent vibrations in polymer chains and between nanoparticles.

See article: 3D ordered composites of nanopolyacetylene: Mechanism of self-organization and properties.

In 1997 - 2005 the highly ordered nano-gels and nano-composites of some other conjugated polymers and carbon nanotubes with very low concentration of defects were elaborated. Laser irradiation of these materials also leads to excitation of long live coherent vibrations along the chains and between nanoparticles.

These materials possess unique optoelectronic properties such as macroscopic migration of vibrational and electronic excitation without energy losses, high frequency modulation of band gap and refraction index, modulation of X-Ray beam, extremely high cross section of Raman scattering and extremely high stability under laser irradiation. For example, Raman scattering cross section of nanopolyacetylene is in 100 times more than Raman scattering cross section of diamond. They can be called " 3D coherently ordered materials".

Our products can be prepared in the form of solutions, gels, films and plates and have highest potential for application in different fields of hi-thech industry.

FUNDAMENTAL RESULTS

1) Supermat Intl. has discovered:
- Methods for creation of low filling factor 3D coherently ordered nano-gels and nano-composites of conjugated polymers and carbon nanotubes with very low concentration of defects;
- Coherently ordered nano-materials, which are characterized by high intencity multiphonon Raman scattering at sub-bandgap excitation. Firts order nonadiabatic process?

2) We showed that decrease in temperature of 3D ordered nano-gels and nano-composites of quasi-1D conjugated polymers with (1 - 5%) volume fraction of nanoparticles leads to reduction of bond length alternation in polymer chains. This phenomenon can be called invers-Peierls transition. We assume that decrease in temperature is accompanied by growth of the energy of coherent dispersion interaction between conjugated macromolecules. As a result, this energy exceeds the energy of Peierls transition that in tern leads to reduction of bond length alternation.

3) We hypothesized that 3D coherently ordered nano-gels and nano-composites of big conjugated molecules with very low concentration of defects possess high-temperature macroscopic quantum properties. Macroscopic quantum state and model of invers-Peierls transition in quasi 1D conjugated chains.

MEMORANDUM

3D COHERENTLY ORDERED CONJUGATED MATERIALS - THE SOLUTION OF GLOBAL ENERGY PROBLEMS

We are sure that the one of the root cause of the 2008 Global Economic Crisis is Global Energy Crisis. Humankind uses huge amounts of oil, gas and electricity and makes it with awfully low efficiency. However, the world�s mineral energy sources are strongly limited. Thus, the humankind evolution, which is based on mineral energy sources and the heat engines, is the way to nowhere.

There is one and only one solution of energy-source and transportation problems of future humankind. The key to this solution is the development of high-temperature superconductors for energy transport without losses and development of organic semiconductors with high-temperature macroscopic quantum properties for high-efficiency conversion of solar energy to electrical and chemical energy without pollution and losses. All other ways and methods lead to pollution and energy losses. Thus, they are only illusions.

We see four obstacles for development of high-temperature superconductors and organic semiconductors with high-temperature macroscopic quantum properties in the nearest years.

The first obstacle is a misunderstanding between scientists. For example, the physicists, as a rule, don�t understand the specific role of chemistry in process of these materials development. From the other side the chemists, as a rule, don�t understand relationship between chemical structure and macroscopic quantum properties of these objects. The problem is that the classical methods of chemical synthesis and solid state formation lead to superconductors and organic semiconductors with high concentration of defects. The defects destroy macroscopic quantum properties. Thus, scientists should first elaborate fundamentally new approaches and methods of synthesis of high-temperature superconductors and organic semiconductors, before, than real materials with macroscopic quantum properties can be developed. This is a scientific and organizing problem of the highest level of complexity.

The second obstacle is a wrong business model of science, which is not adapted for solution of global scientific problems. Presently any fundamental scientific result in the field of material science is treated as equivalent to money. This principle may be convenient for development of new dye or new medicine, but it is absolutely unacceptable in the field of development of high-temperature superconductors. It is unacceptable first of all, because the discovery of real high-temperature superconductors or organic semiconductors with high-temperature macroscopic quantum properties has no price.

The third obstacle is the perverted administrative structure of the enterprise of science. High-level scientists have no stimulus to participate in large projects that seek solutions to global scientific and applied problems. Throughout history a large proportion of high-level scientists have strived to become "experts". The term "scientific expert" has two connotations. The first implies the highest level of scientific achievement. The second, more frivolous, reflects the position of a scientist in their community as regards control of the distribution of funds, and evaluation of projects and discoveries. At the turn of the 20th century, when science was comparatively much further removed from economics, most top level scientists strove to become experts in the first sense. This resulted in quantum mechanics, theory of relativity, inorganic semiconductors and nuclear energy. Over the last forty years science has become enmeshed itself in the core of global economy. Most scientists in fields with practical applications now strive to become experts in the second sense. The balance between science and business in these fields is now significantly disturbed. For example, terms such as "nanotechnology" are more meaningful as placeholders for billions of research and investment dollars than as denominations of classes of research phenomena. As a result, competition of scientists for scientific priority has been replaced by struggle of competitors for grants and funds.

The fourth obstacle is also administrative. At present, for solution of global scientific problems, government institutions and scientific communities create specific programs, which consist of hundreds projects. Each project in such program is completely independent. Each head of project receives grants and funds not for solution of a global scientific problem or its part, but for organization of new research projects in this field. Thus, most of scientists have no interest in the solution of global scientific problems because it means the closing of the considerable part of research projects in this field.

Because of these obstacles non of the high-temperature superconductors and organic semiconductors with macroscopic quantum properties was developed to real material and found application in high-tech industry in the last forty years.

Global Financial Crisis and Global Energy Crisis is a turning-point on the way to Progress. They will lead to optimization of administrative structures and business processes, will change the status of science and will result in new Scientific Revolution.



BACKGROUND FOR CONJUGATED MATERIALS WITH MACROSCOPIC QUANTUM PROPERTIES

Fifty years ago my teacher Prof. Alfred Berlin in the Institute of Chemical Physics (Moscow, Russia) began study chemical reactivity of conjugated macromolecules. He proposed mechanism of high temperature condensation of conjugated macromolecules and discovered the Effect of Local Activation. The ideas of Alfred Berlin allowed me to develop new approach to synthesis of conjugated polymers with macroscopic quantum properties. You can find some details of this approach at the page:
Macroscopic quantum state and invers-Peierls transition in quasi-1D conjugated systems
Dr. Valerii Kobryanskii